Ground Transportation Concepts and Terminology
Many words, acronyms, and phrases are used in discussions about ground transportation, parking access control, automated vehicle identification and RFID technology. Some are unique to this realm, while others are more commonly used terms that have a unique meaning when used in a vehicle tracking context.
To help clarify these terms and concepts, GateKeeper Systems has compiled this set of relevant terms and definitions. As you explore the functionality and benefits of an RFID-based ground transportation management system or parking access control system, we hope this glossary gives you a better understanding of how such systems can improve your operations.
- Access ID – Term used to refer to the RFID transponder that carries an electronic identification number that is detected by the RFID readers installed on the roadways or holding areas. Same as a “tag,” “card” or “transponder.”
- Account – An entity (company or individual) that is responsible for commercial vehicle or driver activity at the airport. Also responsible for any airport fees that are generated.
- Address Type – A way to categorize the addresses customers use, such as Billing and Legal. Address types can be used on the account and driver/vehicle levels.
- Antenna – A piece of RFID equipment that is placed overhead or along the side of a roadway to detect RIFD tags that pass within range. Some models include the RFID electronics along with the antenna as a single unit in a sealed case. In other models the antenna is separate from the RFID reader module.
- Billing Exempt – The Account, Vehicle, or Driver is not billed for fees created by activity at the airport.
- Billing Type – A list of the options created in the system for categorizing the method or approach for billing customers for fees owed to the airport. Typically, these options relate to the frequency of billing—monthly, quarterly, annually. Alternatively, they could be use to identify the billing method, such as invoiced, credit/debit card, etc.
- Browser – Software on your workstation that is used to connect to the Internet or to an internal intranet and is also used to access the GateKeeper Commercial Vehicle Management software.
- Citation – A term used to identify the document used to record “infractions” or violations of airport rules or regulations that may be tracked by ground transportation management software.
- Citation Infraction Type – A way to categorize or organize the infractions that cause a citation to be issued, such as moving violations, failure to accept a passenger, solicitation of customers, etc.
- Drivers – One of the entities that can be tracked by RFID transponders in ground transportation management software based on their operation of a commercial vehicle or other type of vehicle at the airport.
- Infraction – Also known as a violation. Represents the failure to abide by airport or city rules, regulations, laws, etc.
- Operator Type – A category used in ground transportation management systems to associate charges created to each vehicle or driver in the system. Each unique charge has a specific Operator Type. There is no limit to the number of Operator Types that can be created in the software. An example might be an Operator Type of “Taxi” that results in a $1.25 fixed charge for each trip to the airport of that vehicle, while another Operator Type of “Limo” has a $2.25 fee.
- Permit Type – A method used to organize, categorize or track various Permit programs used by the airport. You can create multiple Permit Types, such as annual or monthly driver operating permits. Permits Types can be associated with vehicles, drivers or accounts.
- Plaza – A concept used in GateKeeper’s Commercial Vehicle Management software to identify a specific location of one or more RFID antennas that are grouped together to detect passing tagged vehicles. A plaza is created for every unique route that is being tracked in the system. For example, a 4-lane entry roadway may have an antenna covering each lane and the two right-hand lanes lead to the upper-level departures level while the two left-hand lanes lead to the lower-level arrivals curb. In this case, 2 plazas would be created to identify those vehicles going to the upper level and those vehicles going to the lower level. Each plaza will have a unique name and ID entered into the software.
- Read Event – This term refers to a single vehicle or driver with an RFID Access ID assigned being detected by a specific antenna. Also known as a “transaction.” A vehicle making a trip through the airport may pass and be detected by 4 RFID antennas. This would generate 4 “read events” in the system.
- Reader – Component of RFID system that decodes the RF signal that transmits the Access ID number and other information for each read event over the network to the servers for processing.
- Service Type – Category available in GateKeeper’s Commercial Vehicle Management software to group and sort Accounts, Vehicles, and Drivers for analysis and reporting purposes. Used in some systems to identify vehicle types that is being “dispatched” by the software.
- Space Zone – A concept used by the software to define an area that is identified by an entry reader and an exit reader. For example, the Taxi Holding Space Zone has an entry reader and an exit reader. Any vehicle or driver that is detected passing the entry reader, but has not been detected by the exit reader is “in the Taxi Holding Space Zone.” This concept is used to locate vehicles and drivers and for processing trip and other types of reporting information.
- Suspension – The software function for denying normal operating rights to an entire account or one or more specific drivers or vehicles. This is usually the result of some type of violation of airport rules, regulations or policies.
- Suspension Exempt – This function allows you to identify an account, driver, or vehicle that is not subject to being “suspended” for any purpose. A common example would be airport vehicles that have RFID tags attached. They would not normally be subject to the same rules as ground transportation vehicles, such as limousines or taxicabs. This function helps avoid accidentally suspending a vehicle.
- Suspension Type – Suspension types are a way to keep track of the causes for suspensions, such as accounting or soliciting. Suspensions work on both the account and driver/vehicle levels.
- Tag – Term used to refer to the RFID transponder that carries an electronic identification number that is detected by the RFID readers installed on the roadways or holding areas. Same as an “Access ID,” “Transponder” or “Card.”
- Transaction – This term refers to a single vehicle or driver with an RFID Access ID assigned being detected by a specific antenna. Also known as a “read event.” A vehicle making a trip through the airport may pass by and be detected by 4 RFID antennas. This would generate 4 “read events” in the system.
- Transponder – Term used to refer to the RFID transponder that carries an electronic identification number that is detected by the RFID readers installed on the roadways or holding areas. Same as an “Access ID,” “Tag” or “Card.”
- Vehicle Fuel Type – A way to keep track of the fuel each vehicle uses, such as gas, diesel or hybrid.
- Vehicle Type – Another way to categorize vehicles and record information about what each vehicle is, such as sedan or SUV.
- Web Application – Software that is accessed using a web browser over a network such as the internet or a private intranet.